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Fifty-one out of fifty-four African countries have signed a ground-breaking legal framework known as the Maputo Protocol; forty-one have ratified it. The Maputo Protocol is a powerful instrument enshrining women’s and girls’ rights. Fifteen years afer the Protocol was conceived, progress has been made, yet many women and girls are still deprived of their fundamental human rights. 

One of the main areas that the Maputo Protocol covers is HIV and AIDS. This factsheet explains what HIV and AIDS. It also compares the rights that were promised the women and girls of Africa regarding HIV and AIDS when the Maputo Protocol was ratified, with the realities of their current situation.